Preventive Measures and Treatment Procedure for Dog Periodontal Disease

Are you a pet owner who isn’t aware that dogs brush teeth? Yes, you’ve read it right; according to our vets, we must brush our pet dog’s teeth a minimum of thrice a week as they likewise develop plaque and even tartar, just like human beings, because why not? The pet dog’s teeth have the same function as people, and the same threat applies to them. Here is some understanding of a serious illness they can get if their teeth aren’t sustained well.

What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease in pet dogs is prevalent, and it is an inflammation and an infection of the periodontium, which is the structure of the teeth tissues. This illness sneaks below the gum area; visible signs are not visible most of the time and are due to the bacteria in the mouth that damages the bones, gums, and other structures of the teeth. It likewise brings discomfort and secondary effect on major organs if not addressed. Those organs consist of the heart, kidneys, and perhaps the liver. Consult an internal veterinariry medicine to know more about conditions related to this disease.

Is this a common disease?

In a research study, more than two-thirds of dogs experience some degree of this disease, making it common to affect them. Every dog is prone to this illness; however, the smaller-sized kind has a higher possibility of getting it since smaller teeth trap food traces without difficulty. When combined with saliva and bacteria that occupy the oral cavity, food within the teeth causes tartar and oral plaque.

Causes of Periodontal Disease

Plaque build-up and tartar in the teeth caused by inadequate oral hygiene can lead to a dog’s gingivitis, and this is the early stage of periodontal disease. In the early stages of gingivitis, mild soreness in the gums and some plaque are present. And when it advances, there are inflamed gums, loose teeth, and gum bleeding when brushing; This could cause periodontal illness if left without treatment. Your vet will surely refer you to internal veterinary medicine when your dog reaches this stage.

How can it be prevented?

There is no other method to prevent it but to brush their teeth regularly. If you can do it as often as once a day, the better; however, the minimum would be thrice a week. They may also go through dental prophylaxis for deep cleaning, which experts advise them to do once a year.

What is the proper treatment?

Treatment will be subject to the level of gum disease your dog has. Your veterinarian will also consider what your pet dog needs, the correct treatment and dosages, and its cost differ commonly. Your vet will perhaps be required to put anesthesia on your dog and be examined if it is healthy enough to take it; there is always a small risk when an animal is prescribed an anesthetic agent. Then, dental treatment will begin that may include;

  • IV catheter and fluids
  • Taking full mouth x-rays
  • A set of dental radiographs
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • Scaling and polishing the gingival areas
  • Anesthesia observation
  • Discomfort Medication during and after the treatment

When you need a variety of dental and surgical procedures, you can check on websites like for a thorough examination and treatment.

Related posts