What Are the Different Types of Veterinarians?

What Are the Different Types of Veterinarians?

Regardless what pet you adopt – a furry one or with plumes or scales, it’s necessary to determine what veterinarian would render treatment for them. Maybe you’re not a pet parent; but, you are considering having a career in veterinary medicine, and you don’t have any idea of its scope. Vet medicine is vast, covering numerous specialties and subspecialties. Though not exhaustive, this list provides an overview of the significant career paths in this particular field of medicine.

Companion Animal Veterinarians

The companion animal vets would be the equivalent of your family physician. They are also known as General Practitioners; they specialize in caring for small animals like felines, canines, and pocket pets. They’re board-certified to present the most typical family pet cares such as diagnostics, treatments, and surgical services.

Most pet parents are familiar with general practitioners; they generally bring their pets to an animal hospital for medical care, including regular check-ups, immunizations, and non-medical care such as dog grooming in Mandeville, LA.

Exotic Animal Veterinarians

These vets have considerable training in taking care of non-domestic animal species. However, general practitioners may treat your exotic pets as long as you can possess them legally. They can not call themselves exotic animal veterinarians unless they have postgraduate training.

These vets have been specially educated to care for birds, reptiles, amphibians, and pocket pets. They can look after your exotic pets, zoo animals, and those animals in wildlife habitats. Some also obtain additional training and accreditations to become exotic vet specialists.

Food and Large Animal Veterinarians

Food animal vets specialize in animals raised for human consumption; they ensure that what we have on our tables is safe to consume. Many of them are large animal veterinarians; no matter the specific focus, they make sure livestock is free from diseases. A few of these vets work on ranches, large animal hospitals, and some get to take a trip a lot in specially-equipped vehicles going to their patients in remote places. Their most typical patients are cattle, horses, sheep, goats, and pigs.

Veterinary Specialists

Veterinary physicians or general practitioners can pursue a field of expertise. More than 20 recognized vet disciplines, such as dentistry, dermatology, nephrology, anesthesiology, and other career options, are offered. Furthermore, they might select specific animal species like dogs, cats, avians, or wildlife. These veterinarians undergo advanced training in post-veterinary school programs to become a specialist and pass board accreditation exams for their selected specialties. Most specialists work in full-service animal hospitals like the Riverside Veterinary Hospital.

Research Veterinarians

Every physician of veterinary medicine needs to have strong scientific knowledge for their jobs; however, it’s much more crucial among research veterinarians. They typically are not as visible as other specialists; they usually work behind the scenes. Nevertheless, they play essential duties in the well-being of animals. Researchers commonly work in infectious disease, pathology, animal feed manufacturing, pharmacology, etc. They usually find themselves employed in biomedical research laboratories, colleges, and government institutions.


You may devote hours surfing the internet to learn more about vet medicine. Now, if you’ve come this far reading this article, it has lightened the load for you to have a general knowledge of the available courses if you’re considering a profession in vet medicine. Or if you’re a pet parent asking yourself where to take your pot-bellied pig or talkative parrots.

The field of veterinary medicine is not just taking care of pet animals. They also ensure that those raised for human consumption are safe for us, and last but not least, they see that the ecology maintains its equilibrium by taking care of the wildlife animals.

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